# Maths

Maths is split up into the following areas;

## Using and applying mathematics

This area is all about problem solving and puzzles. Children often find this the most difficult part of maths as they have to apply mathematical knowledge. This area also includes learning about money and as we more frequently use cards instead of money, children have to work especially hard to understand the concept of change.

## Counting and understanding number

Often children can count really easily but sometimes they lack the knowledge of the value of numbers e.g. which number is bigger 45 or 21 or what number comes before 60? At the beginning of maths lessons we often spend time counting. We count forwards and backwards and in steps such as 5s or 3s. This area also includes estimating numbers, using 100 squares and number lines, fractions and counting objects reliably. You can download a hundred square here.

## Knowing and using number facts

Number facts are essential in order to make good progress and be confident in maths. This includes knowing pairs of numbers that make 10, 20 and 100, number bonds to 10 and then 20, halves and doubles and times tables. Number bonds are the relationship between numbers using arithmetic. For example, how can we make 6? 3 + 3, 10 - 4, 4 + 2, 6 - 0. Once children are confident with number facts calculating answers becomes much easier.

## Calculating

We teach Children a variety of methods of how to add, subtract, multiply and divide, not just the traditional column method that used to be taught. We do this because it develops a child's understanding of number and ability to calculate mentally. It is so easy to follow a method and get the answer right but unless you fully understand what is happening to the numbers, mistakes can easily be made. To find out more about the methods of calculation we teach, have a look at the documents below or attend the maths evenings held each year at school.

## Understanding shape

Children learn the names of both 2D and 3D shapes. We teach related vocabulary to help to describe a shape's properties. This area also includes symmetry, angles and patterns, perimeter, fractions of shapes and coordinates.

## Measuring

We, as adults, take measuring for granted because it's a skill that we naturally use every day. At school we teach children to be able to read scales such as on a ruler, a thermometer or weighing scales. We learn about capacity, area and importantly time. It is really helpful if you try to help your child read the time and know the days of the week and months of the year.

## Handling data

Handling data is all about collecting information, representing it in tables, charts and graphs and interpreting the information. In the upper juniors, the children also begin to learn about probability and basic statistics such as finding the mean, median and mode.